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Lap Desk, Quill Used to Write & Sign 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo on the Block

by WorthPoint Staff (08/29/12).

The lap desk and quill used by Nicholas Philip Trist at the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo will be sold by Aumann Auctions, Inc., on Friday, Sept. 7, in Pierce, Neb.

PIERCE, Neb. – The lap desk and quill belonging to Nicholas Philip Trist, used to write and sign the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo on Feb. 2, 1848—an historic event that ended the Mexican-American War and resulted in Mexico ceding 55 percent of its pre-war territory, thereby completing the United States’ Manifest Destiny—will be sold at auction Friday, Sept. 7, by Aumann Auctions, Inc. in conjunction with MCHJ Auctioneers.

The importance and historical significance of the lap desk and quill cannot be overstated. Second in size and importance only to the Louisiana Purchase, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo led to the purchase by the United States, at a cost of $15 million, of 525,000 square miles, including all or part of 10 states: Texas, Arizona, California, New Mexico, Colorado, Nevada, Utah, Oklahoma, Kansas and Wyoming. The acquisition forever changed the size and shape of this country.

“Already we have been contacted by several museums from around the country, expressing strong interest,” said Kelly Aumann of Aumann Auctions, Inc. “It’s great that they’re interested, but we want everyone, including collectors and investors, to be able to bid. An opportunity like this is simply unheard of and a find like this is truly once in a lifetime. These items are of such monumental historical significance it’s impossible to predict what they might bring at auction.”

The lap desk was made sometime between 1831 and 1837. The label on the desk reads “N. Starkey, Manufacturer of Portable Desks, Dressing Cases, Medicine Chests and Ladies Work Boxes, No. 52 Walnut St., Opposite the Exchange, Philadelphia.” The brass nameplate on the desk reads “N. P. Trist.”

The quill has been filled with some sort of plaster and inscribed with what looks to be “Treaty of Peace, Feb. 2, 1848 (Triplicate) NTP’s (Signature).”

A close-up of the writing on the quill and the entire quill in the inset box.

The quill has been filled with some sort of plaster and inscribed with what looks to be “Treaty of Peace, Feb. 2, 1848 (Triplicate) NTP’s (Signature).” The words “Triplicate” and “Signature” are in parentheses because, although Aumann Auctions is fairly certain of the word “Triplicate,” it is not quite as certain of the word “Signature.” So, they are in quotes, pending further inspection.

The lap desk and quill surfaced on a small farm in Nebraska, of all places (some of Trist’s descendants ended up living in Omaha), sometime between 1978 and 1982. The items were purchased from an elderly man by a local antiques dealer in the late 1970s, who in turn sold them to the parents of the consignor in the mid-1980s. Since then, they have been kept wrapped in a quilt in a closet.

Nicholas Philip Trist (1800-1874) was commissioned in 1847 by President James K. Polk to serve as executive agent (with General Winfield Scott, and when the time was right) to negotiate an end to the Mexican-American War (1846-1848). During the 16 months of the war, the Mexican presidency would change hands nine times between six different men. With the Mexican government in chaos, two previous attempts at a peace agreement both failed. Trist and Gen. Scott determined that the only way to deal with Mexico was as a conquered enemy.

In September 1847, Scott surrounded and took the capital, Mexico City, forcing Santa Anna to call for an armistice. By October, Polk became frustrated with the wait and recalled Trist, but news of his recall didn’t reach him until Nov. 16, 1847—after the Mexican special peace commission had finally been appointed.

Trist felt the only opportunity for peace was at hand so he defied President Polk and continued working toward a peace treaty. In a Dec. 4, 1847, letter to his wife, Trist wrote, “Knowing it to be the very last chance and impressed with the dreadful consequences to our country which cannot fail to attend the loss of that chance, I decided today at noon to attempt to make a treaty; the decision is altogether my own.” Trist effectively defying a presidential directive only enhances the legend and cache of the lap desk and quill.

The first page of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, written by Nicholas Philip Trist and signed on Feb. 2, 1848 (National Archives)

The signature page of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. (National Archives)

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed at the main altar of the old Basilica of Guadalupe at Villa Hidalgo, in the northern part of Mexico City, on Feb. 2, 1848. It was not known at the time, but the signing was nine days after gold was discovered in California.

Trist sent the signed treaty to Washington by the fastest means possible, but no one could foresee how the Polk administration would receive an agreement negotiated by a now unofficial agent. The treaty did meet the minimum demands as set forth in the instructions from Polk, so he had no choice but to forward the treaty to the Senate, where it was reluctantly ratified on March 10, 1848 (by a vote of 34-14). However, Trist was immediately fired from public service and his expenses during his time in Texas were not paid until 1871, leaving Trist in financial ruin.

Not only do the lap desk and quill have a connection to the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, they also have a link to Thomas Jefferson as well. Trist married Virginia Jefferson Randolph, Jefferson’s granddaughter, at Monticello, Jefferson’s home in Virginia, on Sept. 11, 1824. He lived and worked at Monticello and acted as Jefferson’s secretary. He was also co-executor of Jefferson’s estate following his death in 1826.

The lap desk and quill will be sold as one lot to the highest bidder. In addition to live bidding, there will be Internet simulcast bidding, for people unable to travel to Nebraska. Multiple photos, additional information, complete terms of the auction and bidding registration information can be found at the Aumann Auctions website. For more information, call 888.282.8648 or e-mail to Kelly@AumannAuctions.com

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