1814 War of 1812 newspaper FRENCH MILLS Lacolle CANADA

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  • Sold Date: Nov 18,2010
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SEE PHOTO----- COMPLETE ORIGINAL War of 1812 NEWSPAPER, the Columbian Centinel (Boston, MA) dated Feb 23, 1814.

Inside page heading and account of the troop movements in and around FRENCH MILLS, Canada. These led shortly to the BATTLE of LACOLLE in Canada .

The Second Battle of Lacolle Mills was fought on 30 March 1814 during the War of 1812 . The small garrison of a British outpost position, aided by reinforcements, fought off a strong but badly-executed American attack.

Background

After the St. Lawrence campaign had ended late the previous year with the British victory at the Battle of Crysler's Farm , the defeated American Army under Major General James Wilkinson went into winter quarters at French Mills, New York , only just inside the United States. The British commanders feared that the Americans could threaten the British line of communication along the St. Lawrence River from this position, but Wilkinson made no attempt to do so. His army arrived at French Mills with few supplies, and because of poor roads, lack of transport and draught animals and inefficiency of the Quartermaster General's Department, it was almost impossible to supply the army in this advanced position. Sickness rapidly increased until there were no less than 450 sick in squalid conditions in a hospital in Malone, New York and many more in French Mills.

Finally, in late January, Secretary of War John Armstrong ordered Wilkinson to detach a division numbering 2,000 men under Brigadier General Jacob Brown to Sackett's Harbor, New York , and fall back with the main body (about 4,000 fit men) to Plattsburgh, New York on Lake Champlain , while the sick and wounded were removed to Burlington, Vermont . British troops followed up almost to Plattsburgh, recovering large quantities of supplies from settlements in New York state such as Malone and Four Corners and paroling many sick American soldiers who fell into their hands, before withdrawing.

Wilkinson was aware that he would almost certainly be removed from command following the defeat of the St. Lawrence campaign, and planned several offensives to restore his reputation. Most of these were too ambitious with the means available, but one objective seemed feasible. A few miles north of the border between Canada and the United States, the main road running north crossed the small Lacolle River. Here, the British maintained an outpost of 80 men of the 13th Regiment of Foot in a blockhouse and the stout stone-built mill building . The defenders also included a Congreve rocket detachment of the Royal Marine Artillery , and there were other outpost positions and blockhouses nearby.

Battle

Wilkinson marched northwards from Plattsburgh to attack this outpost on 27 March 1814. His force consisted of 4,000 men organised into three brigades, with 11 pieces of artillery. The march was delayed by deep snow and mud, and he was not able to occupy Odelltown until 30 March, and begin the attack on Lacolle Mills until the early afternoon.

The Americans opened fire with two 12-pounder cannon and a 5-and-a-half inch mortar. They could not bring an 18-pounder gun into action because of soft ground around the area. The British garrison fired back with their Congreve rockets. Although the rockets were inaccurate, they caused several American casualties. The American troops had not encountered these weapons before in battle and were unnerved.

The flank (i.e. the Light and Grenadier) companies of the 13th had been stationed nearby, and launched a bayonet charge against the American artillery emplacements, but they were far outnumbered and were repulsed. Hearing the firing from some 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) away, a company of the Canadian Voltigeurs and the Grenadier company of the Canadian Fencibles also marched to reinforce ...

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