AN OGLALA SIOUX ROSTER
Sub-Chief IRON-CROW and his Warriors, Member of CHIEF BIG ROAD and His Band
AntiqueSmithsonian Historical âe" Ethnographic Print âe"
The OGLALA SIOUX INDIAN Culture
Being offered is the original old antique Smithsonian Ethnographic Lithograph of the Pictograph LVII (57)portraying the PICTORIAL ROSTER of the heads of families of SUB-CHIEF IRON-CROW and his Band of Warriors of Chief Big-Roadâe(tm)s Band of the Northern Oglala Sioux . The traditional Native American artistic composition of each figure is distinctly unique. In this Pictograph t is the sub-chief, twelve warriors, and one woman: 59. Iron-Crow, 60. Running-Horse, 61. Owns-An-Animal-With-Horns, 62. Blue-Cloud-Man, 63. Fingers, 64. Sacred-Teeth, 65. Searching-Cloud, 66. Female-Elk-Boy, 67. Little-Owl, 68. Pretty-Horse, 69. Running-Eagle, 70. Makes-enemy, 71. Prairie-Chicken, and 72. Fred-Flute-Woman . Each figure has a small number printed below it for purposes of identification. The drawings are done in brown with red and blue accents. The first figure in the upper left-hand corner of this plate represents Iron-Crow, the third sub-chief of Chief Big-Roadâe(tm)s Band, his rank being designated by the decorated pipe and pouch before him. He is adorned with a large cross. Three red and blue transverse bands decorate his cheek, with differentiation of the pattern. The second figure is a warrior armed with a war club held vertically before him indicating that the man has at some time led war parties on his own account, and he is adorned with three red transverse bands on the cheek, with differentiation of the pattern, and a large multi-strand warrior choker. The last figure, No. 72, depicts a woman as the surviving head of families. She wears a wide warrior choker necklace, and has her cheeks adorned with red and blue. Each of the remaining figures has a single red band or a single band of red-blue on his cheek with no neck adornment. The transverse lines painted on the warriorâe(tm)s cheeks imitate the circular movement of the air, dirt, leaves, etc observed during such aerial disturbances such as a whirlwind. No. 62, Blue-Cloud-Man, with the cloud being painted blue, implies that this warrior was an Ogalala who was called Arapaho, the Ogalala Dakota Indian interpretation of blue cloud. No. 65 has a cloud drawn in blue also, and lines drawn from the eyes imitating the term âeoesearchingâe via the gesture of the index finger passing forward from the eye, then from right to left. The pictograph roster was obtained by Rev. S. D. Hinman at Standing Rock Agency, Dakota, in 1883, from the United States Indian Agent, Major McLaughlin, to whom the original roster was submitted by Chief Big-Road when brought to the agency and was forced to give an account of his followersâe¦âeoeChief Big-Road and his peopleâe¦were lately hostile, having associated with Sitting-Bull in various depredations and hostilities against settlers and the United States authorities.âe Note the plate is quite atypical and unique. Rather than the use of a standard black ink, all lettering as well as the thin line block box that encases the drawings is the same brown as appears in the drawings. The lithographâe(tm)s paper is a rich cream, medium grade, with light toning, measures approximately 11 1/4" x 7 1/4" with no repairs and no writing on the back. The lithograph is titled AN OGLALA ROSTER âe" IRON-CROW AND BAND. The images are encased in a thin lined box, with Bureau of Ethnology appearing in the upper left corner, Fourth Annual Report appearing in the upper right corner, Julius Bien & Co Ltd appearing in the lower right corner, and entitlement centered under the image block. The FIRST EDITION litho is in EXCELLENT condition for its age! As previously noted, t he lithograph accompanied the 1886 Bureau of Ethnology Fourth Annual Report, 1882-1883. All of the above are clearly visible on the plate. Print would frame well for the office or den. The significance of the historical value of this lithogra...