1932 newspaper Chicago Gangster AL CAPONE GoesTo Prison
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Sold Date: 11/10/2006
Channel: Online Auction
Category: Books, Paper & Magazines
See Photo- COMPLETE ORIGINAL newspaper, the Charlotte Observer (NC) dated May 4, 1932. Front page heading with news that Chicago gangster AL CAPONE was on his way to begin to serve his prison term at the Federal prison in Atlanta, GEORGIA.Al Capone, popularly known as "Scarface" Capone, was an infamous Italian-American gangster in the 1920s and 1930s. He began his crime career in Brooklyn before moving to Chicago and becoming Chicago's most notorious crime figure. By the end of the 1920s, the FBI had placed Capone on its most wanted list. Capone's downfall occurred in 1931 when he was indicted and convicted by the Federal Government for income tax evasion After the Capone family moved to Cicero, IL, a Chicago suburb, Capone took up grunt work with Johnny Torrio's crime outfit and by 1922 Capone was Torrio's second in command, responsible for much of the gambling, alcohol, and prostitution rackets in the city of Chicago. Severely injured in a gangland assassination attempt in 1925, Torrio returned to Italy and and gave the reins of the business to Capone. Capone was notorious during the Prohibition era for his control of the Chicago underworld and his bitter rivalries with gangsters such as Bugs Moran and Hymie Weiss. Raking in vast amounts of money from illegal gambling, prostitution, and alcohol (some estimates were that between 1925 and 1930 Capone was making $100 million a year), the Chicago kingpin was largely immune to prosecution due to witness intimidation and the bribing of city officials. In 1928, Capone bought a retreat in Florida and shortly afterwards orchestrated seven of the most notorious gangland killings of the century, the 1929 St. Valentine's Day Massacre . Although details of the massacre are still in dispute, and no person has ever been charged or prosecuted for the crime, the killings are generally linked to Capone and his henchmen, especially "Machine Gun" Jack McGurn, who is thought to have led the operation. By staging the massacre, Capone was trying to dispose of his arch-rival Bugs Moran, who controlled gang operations on the North Side of Chicago. Moran was late for the meeting and escaped an otherwise certain death. Throughout the 1920s, Capone was often the target of attempted murders, being shot once in a restaurant and having his car riddled with bullets from nose to tail on more than one occasion. However the assassins were normally amateurs and Capone was never seriously wounded. By 1929 Capone had earned 105 million dollars. 60 million dollars of it was from alcohol. Although Capone always did his business through front men and had no accounting records, prosecutors started linking him to his earnings. New laws enacted in 1927 allowed the federal government to pursue Capone on income tax evasion, their best chance of finally convicting him. Pursuing Capone were Treasury agent Elliott Ness and his hand picked team of incorruptible U.S. Treasury Agents named "The Untouchables." IRS agents were able to find receipts linking Capone to illegal gambling income and evasion of taxes on that income. The trial and indictment occurred in 1931. Capone pleaded guilty to the charges, hoping for a plea bargain, but after the judge refused his lawyer's offers and Capone's associates failed to bribe or tamper with the jury, Al Capone was found guilty on five of twenty-two counts and sentenced to eleven years in a federal prison. Capone was first sent to an Atlanta prison in 1932; however, the mobster was still able to control most of his interests from this facility. He was soon ordered to be transferred to the infamous California island prison of Alcatraz in 1934. , Capone was strictly guarded and prohibited from any contact with the outside world and his mental state began to deteriorate. Once he had been imprisoned, Capone's control and interests within organized crime immediately ran into rapid decline. It is often argued that Capone's decline in mental health during his imprisonment was exacerbated by the breakdown of his power and inc...
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