When steel magnate Andrew Carnegie began donating part of his fortunes to new libraries across the country, a new brick plant was being erected in Corral Hollow Canyon, in San Joaquin County, California. Four miles west of the brick works were the Tesla coal mines, w owners John and James Treadwell had supplied the much needed fuel to Californians since 1896. Now they were to realize the economic value of clay abundantly adjacent to the steeply dipping coal beds. This package of coal and clay was later called the "Tesla Formation" of Eocene Age (50 million years old). The Treadwells found the fire clay, gray clay, and kaolin to be excellent for making brick, sewer-pipe, and refractory products. From 1902 to 1905, the Treadwells built 14 round kilns, four chimneys, seven long drying sheds, a grinding and pug mill, a boiler room, a compressed air plant, loading docks, and a three-story brick building for the extruding and pressing machinery. By May 1903, the plant and kilns were put into operation. Because the Tesla coal mines already had a railroad built to Stockton, transporting the clay to the plant only required a spur line to the loading docks and some gondolas. On August 18, 1903, the Carnegie Brick and Pottery Company was incorporated with a capital stock of $1,000,000, divided into 10,000 shares. The company name honored the great industrialist and philanthropist who was greatly admired by the Treadwells. All types of bricks were manufactured at the Carnegie plant. These included face, pressed, paving, fire, and enamel brick. Carnegie produced a wide range of colors: white, cream, gray, buff, salmon, red, and brown. They typically display freckles caused by tiny to large black spots of iron oxide or specks of black coal. For the bricks that have been branded, the name "CARNEGIE" in block capital letters is impressed on a face or in a rectangular frog. The sides of the brick are smooth with even edges and sharp corners. The faces usually display the curved wire cut marks, except for the pressed brick. The plant closed permanently in 1911 following a flood that knocked out the railroad and destroyed many buildings and bridges in the canyon.
I went out digging for bottles and came across this neat "CARNEGIE" brick. It has a few chips in it as well a small shallow crack and remains solid and is in great shape for it's age. The photos speak for themselves. The approximate. size of it is 8 x 4 x 2 and weighs over 5 lbs. I believe this would make a nice addition to your brick collection as well as a wonderful gift for that brick collector just in time for the holidays. It you would like more photos or if you have any questions feel free to contact me and I will do my best to help you.
Winning bidder responsible for shipping and handling charges...and if you want insurance you must let me know before sending payment (for that is extra and your responsibly as well).
Thanks and Happy Bidding!!!
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