BOLEADORAS - HUNTING BALLS WEAPON ARGENTINA

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  • Item Category: Ethnic, Folk & Native American Art
  • Source: eBay
  • Sold Date: Dec 12,2008
  • Channel: Online Auction

BOLEADORAS - HUNTING BALLS WEAPON ARGENTINA

This sale is for a brand boleadoras or bolas: throwing weapon made of weights on the ends of interconnected cord.

Indians and gauchos from South America used them for hunting.

Total lenght is 770 mm. (31 inches)

Are new.

The Bola or Boleadora

The bola, or boleadora is a primitive hunting tool that was originally used by the Chinese, Eskimos and South American Indians. Bolas are a throwing device made of weights on the ends of interconnected cords, designed to capture animals by entangling their appendages (legs, wings). They are most famously used by the South American gauchos. Gauchos use bolas to capture running cattle or game. Depending on the exact design, the thrower grasps the bolas either by one of the weights or in the nexus of the cords. He gives the balls momentum by swinging them and then he releases the bolas. The bola is usually used to entangle the animal's legs, but if thrown with enough force, they have been known to break bones. T is no unique design. Most bolas have two or three balls, but t are versions of up to 8 balls. Some bolas have balls of equal weight, others vary the knot and cord. Bolas with three weights are usually designed with two shorter cords with heavier weights, and one longer cord with a light weight. The heavier weights flying at the front parallel to each other, hit either side of the legs, and the lighter weight going around, wrapping up the legs. Gauchos use bolas made of braided leather cords with wooden balls or small leather sacks filled with stones in the ends of the cords. Bolas can be named depending on the amount of weights used:

Bola Perdida or Bola Loca ( Crazy or Lost Ball ,1 weight ) Avestrucera o nanducera (2 weights) Boleadora or Tres Marias or Tres Potreadoras (3 weights) Ka-Lum-Ik-Toun (Eskimo name for bolas with 4 or more weights)

The bola perdida was primarily used against humans. The boleadoras is a tool for hunting Rheas (large flightless birds) or cimarrón (wild cattle). The bola perdida is an invention posterior to the arrival of horses, and it is used mainly in the Pampas and northern Patagonia. Tres Marias (Three Marys) or Tres Potreadoras (Three Tamers) usually had ropes of different lengths and weights of different mass so when thrown they would separate as much as possible. These were used for heavy animals like cattle. The Patagonian, Charruan, Araucan and the indians from las Pampas were the first to develop these tools and the gauchos promptly adopted them. Earliest examples were usually made of stone. The weights were usually covered in fresh leather that when dried would shrink to cover the weight snugly. In Tres Marias the smallest weight is called the "Manija". This is usually also hung on the shortest rope and is used to sling the boleadoras. The most luxurious boleadoras are made of ivory and covered in precious metals. The work on them may be so fine that they are actually considered works of art.

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