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  • Source: eBay
  • Sold Date: Sep 03, 2008
  • Channel: Auction House

The original Caledonian Railway was one of the major rail operators in Scotland, cooperating with the London and North Western Railway in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries to create new, high-speed links between the English capital and the key centers of population on the western side of Britain and over a large part of Scotland.

Trains operated by the Caledonian Railway (or the 'Caley' as it was fondly called) took part in the fiercely competitive 'Races to the North' in the latter part of the 19th century. At the height of the railways' role in the British economy, the companies running trains on the two principal routes between England and Scotland, the East Coast and West Coast main lines, strove to outdo each other in the time taken by their services to reach the cities of Scotland. These are circa 1910 - 15 postcard views. All eleven are unused, divided back cards depicting various engines and stations. One Postcard in particular is of "Engine 17" at the End of a record run from London (Euston) to Aberdeen. It picures John Souter, Driver, examining his engine on arrival, 23rd August, 1895. All 11 postcards are in VERY GOOD CONDITION! WONDERFUL IMAGES TO ADD TO YOUR RAILROAD/TRAIN POSTCARD COLLECTION!! ===== History of the Caledonian Railway ===== The Caledonian Railway was a major Scottish railway company operating in Scotland. It was formed in the early 19th century and it was absorbed almost a century later into the London, Midland and Scottish Railway, in the 1923 railway grouping, by means of the Railways Act 1921. Due to legal complications this did not take place on 1 January 1923 when the majority of the amalgamations took place, but was delayed until 1 July 1923 (along with the North Staffordshire Railway). The company was well supported by Glasgow and Edinburgh shareholders, however more than half of its shares were held in England. It was an integrated railway company, in that it built and owned both the railway lines and the trains. It had a locomotive works, St. Rollox railway works, in Springburn, Glasgow, which became part of British Rail and is currently still in use, as a railway maintenance depot. The company was formed in the 1830s to link local railways around Glasgow and Edinburgh to the railway network in England, at Carlisle. It sought to open the only cross-border main line (it was thought that only one main line was needed). Its empire was then extended to cover the triangle: Glasgow, Stirling and Edinburgh; and later reached out to serve Oban, Ballachulish, Dundee, Perth and Aberdeen. In the Scottish Lowlands it competed against both the Glasgow and South Western Railway (G&SWR) and the North British Railway; but, in the case of the G&SWR, not north of the River Clyde. T was little or no competition north of Oban, Ballachulish, Dundee, Perth and Aberdeen; this area was served mainly by the Highland Railway. Caledonian locomotive CR 419 at the Bo'ness and Kinneil Railway (formerly part of the North British Railway). Caledonian locomotive CR 419 at the Bo'ness and Kinneil Railway (formerly part of the North British Railway). Early history The earliest railways in Scotland and England were unconnected. Before the Caledonian railway, the quickest journey between Glasgow and London would have been Glasgow to Liverpool by sea and then Liverpool to London by train. However, from March 1841 it was possible to catch the train between Glasgow and Greenock, then travel between Greenock and Liverpool by sea; and then to London by train (see below). A railway link from London to the north of England was developed in piecemeal fashion. From about 1838 the London and Birmingham Railway had linked those two destinations; the Grand Junction Railway linked Birmingham to Warrington; the North Union Railway was projected to reach Preston; and the Grand Junction Railway intended to extend the line to both Glasgow and Edinburgh. They got their engineer Joseph Locke to survey a route from Carli...