CONSTANTINOPLE. 31 MARCH INCIDENT IN 1909. ARMY OF ACTION IN KAGITHANE (SWEET WATERS). Members of a Artiller Battery (Please see text below images)
Edited By Max Fruchtermann. No A 12. Undivided Postcard
Please see images & text below
Condition: Excellent, as seen
Each Size: 5.5 x 3.5 inch
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31 MARCH INCIDENT
The 31 March Incident (Turkish: 31 Mart Vakasý) was a 1909 rebellion of reactionaries in Ýstanbul toward the Countercoup (1909), who attempted to put an end to the nascent Second Constitutional Era in the Ottoman Empire and to the newly-established influence of the Committee of Union and Progress, in order to re-affirm the position of the Sultan Abdulhamid II as absolute monarch. The incidents actually started not on 31 March 1909 despite its name, but on 13 April 1909, that day corresponding to 31 March in the Julian calendar in use at the time in Turkey.
Event 1 Revolution Young Turk Revolution
Event 2 Counter-coup Countercoup (1909)
Event 3 Counter Revolution 31 March Incident
The counter-coup (Countercoup (1909)) led by a certain Dervish Vahdeti (some sources also hint at a direct involvement by Said Nursi) reigned supreme in Ýstanbul for a few days. It was put down by Hareket Ordusu (The Army of Action) constituted in urgence with troops stationed in the Balkans and which rapidly departed from Selanik. Among the officers who entered the capital was a young captain named Mustafa Kemal.
A few weeks after the re-establishment of order, sultan Abdulhamid II himself was deposed and sent to exile in Selanik, and replaced by his brother Mehmed V Resad.
It has been suggested that the counter-coup against Countercoup (1909) constituted a breakdown between Britain's relations with Ottoman Empire marking the end of the one year old cooperation. Countercoup (1909) was also believed that it had unlimited British support behind it.
The incident led to a change of grand vizier, and Ahmed Tevfik Pasha, who later on was also going to be the last grand vizier of the Ottoman Empire, assumed the position.
In memorial of the 74 soldiers killed in action during this event, the Monument of Liberty (Ottoman Turkish: Abide-i Hürriyet) was erected 1911 in Sisli district of Istanbul.
from book THE POSTCARDS OF MAX FRUCHTERMANN
Born in 1852 in Kalucz, a town on the eastern border of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Max Fruchtermann came to Istanbul in 1867 and two years later opened a picture framing shop in the city. Having decided to have the first Ottoman Postcard Series printed at Breslau in 1895, he ensured through his cards, which number in the millions, that the name "Turkey and the multifarious images associated with it" spread throughout the entire world from Canada to New Zeland.
In 1966 when Fruchtermann's daughter-in-law Anna, before closing down the establishment, sold her remaining stock (subsequently realized to number around 600,000) to a secondhand dealer for 2500 liras, she probably never imagined the importance of her father-in-law's postcards. They are not simply photographs of landscape panoramas monumental buildings and people of the time. They are individual documents that reflect in their human types and cross-sections of everyday life the noteworthy political incidents of the late 19th and early 20th centuries and the ethnic and cultural diversity embodied in the Ottoman identity. As such they have acquired significance far in excess of original expectations.
It always comes as a pleasant surprise to collectors to see that ordinary objects left to us from the past, and usually assumed to be of mere functional value, in time acquire special significance. For us, however, far more ...
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