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  • Item Category: Ceramics
  • Source: eBay
  • Sold Date: Oct 29, 2007
  • Channel: Auction House






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Colonial Gentleman & Lady in Fancy Chairs


Small Floral Vase

We proudly bring you two lovely collectible porcelain figures as well as a small floral vase. The Gentleman is dressed in a green waistcoat, maroon trousers and has a white shirt. He seems to be holding his hat in his right hand and is seated on a fancy chair. The Lady is dressed in a pink gown, with a red apron and golden waist. She is holding a pink fan and is also seated on a fancy chair. They are both in excellent condition, with no chips, cracks or visible repairs. Both figures are stamped on the base "Made in Occupied Japan " and measure approximately 3" tall.

The delicate little porcelain vase is embellished with gold on the base, handles and rim. A lovely design of blue, pink and yellow flowers graces the front of the base. This piece measures approximately 3-1/4" high and is marked "Made in Occupied Japan " on the bases. It is in good condition (could use some cleaning) with no visible chips, cracks or repairs.

"Made in Occupied Japan " Background

Following the end of World War II in 1945 and until 1952, items imported from Japan to the United States had to be marked in a fashion indicating they came from Occupied Japan . Although four different marks were used on items during this time (" Japan ," "Made in Japan ," "Occupied Japan ," and "Made in Occupied Japan "), only the last two marks guarantee the pieces were made in the Occupied Japan timeframe. For serious Occupied Japan collectors, it is items with these two marks for which they search.

Between the late 1940's and 1950's Japan under occupation produced many items that have since become very collectible.

V-J Day August 15, 1945, marked the end of World War II when Japan 's Emperor Hirohito accepted the terms of the Potsdam Declaration. Japan was to be occupied by British and American forces, with the American forces playing the major role under General Douglas MacArthur, Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers. The official Occupation began after Hirohito signed the formal surrender onboard the USS Missouri on September 2 and by the end of the year more than 350,000 US personnel were stationed throughout Japan .

It took many months for the country to retool their manufacturing plants from wartime to peacetime processes. As the country began to rebuild, under the rules of the Occupation manufacturers were allowed to export goods, but all exports had to conform to a strict US Government identification process. All of them were required to be marked "Japan," "Made in Japan ," "Made in Occupied Japan " or just "Occupied Japan ." This could be done with a paper or cloth label, engraved, handwritten, or stamped. Two ink colors were used for the stampings, red and black. Red ink was used earlier than was black ink. Smaller pieces often had "MIOJ," rather than the complete words. The stamped marks of "Made in Occupied Japan " were always placed under the glaze.

The term 'Occupied' proved to be essential to the economic resurgence of Japan . Some hostility towards the country remained following the war and some people refused to purchase anything marked simply " Japan " or "Made in Japan ." But if it said "Occupied Japan " consumers somehow felt they were not contributing to the same pre-war era country.

Although most people associate porcelain figurines with Occupied Japan, the country exported everything you can imagine during the six-year period, from tools, clocks, cameras, binoculars, piano babies, mugs, and wooden plaques to toys (tin, windup, and cloth), china, cigarette lighters and ashtrays, and fine bisque figurines. Some products had the 'Made in Occupied Japan ' only on the box and not on the item inside. Fr...