THE BRONCO BUSTERSIGNED by Frederic Remington THE TIMELESS BEAUTY OF BRONZE
BEAUTY YOU WILL ENJOY TODAYAND BEAUTY YOU CAN PASS DOWN TO YOUR CHILDREN AND GRANDCHILDREN Certificate of Authenticity
MADE IN USA FOUNDRYIn 1895 Remington began to make sculptures, producing 22 different subjects. He worked in clay. His clay models were cast in bronze at art foundries. His first four subjects were cast using the sand casting method at the Henry-Bonnard Co. In 1898 he began working exclusively with Roman Bronze Works, N.Y., which employed the lost wax casting method. For an accounting of legitimate bronze casts and their wabouts, see Icons of the West: Frederic Remington's Sculpture by Michael D. Greenbaum, published in 1996 by the Frederic Remington Art Museum Remington's bronzes were titled as follows. Unless otherwise noted they were cast at Roman Bronze Works, N.Y. using the lost-wax bronze casting method. Frederic Remington's first sculpture was, The Bronco Buster , in clay, ca. 1895. Lost Wax Casting Process The following is the step by step process of the "Lost Wax Casting" method. After reviewing this process, which normally takes approximately two weeks to complete a single sculpture, you will have a better understanding of all that is involved. STEP 1 Making the Mold: This step is by far the most critical. All the detail which appears on the sculpture must be captured in the mold. The mold (depending on the size of the sculpture) is cut into sections for casting. STEP 2 Making the Wax Casting: Molten wax is poured into the mold to form layers of wax. This wax model is an exact duplicate of the original casting. STEP 3 Chasing the Wax: The wax is pulled from the mold and hand chased (re-detailed) by a skilled artisan. Although the artist reproduces the original artwork, each piece may slightly differ from the next. STEP 4 Spruing: Wax rods (gates) and pouring cup are attached to the wax casting in just the right positions. This will assure a full pour. STEP 5 Casting the Ceramic Mold (Investment Casting): In a temperature controlled climate of 72 degrees Fahrenheit, the wax casting is dipped into Investment liquid several times. On the first dip a fine powder is applied. On the next dip of course, ceramic sand will be applied. This step is repeated several times, each increasing the coarseness of the material to create the ceramic mold. Between each dip, the ceramic layer must cure (dry) before another layer can be applied. STEP 6 Burn-Out: The ceramic shell is placed in a kiln and fired. The shell bakes and the wax is melted (lost) from the shell. This creates a hollow ceramic shell mold. Thus the term "Lost Wax." STEP 7 Casting: The ceramic shell (mold) is removed from the kiln and immediately the molten bronze is poured into the shell. At the time of pouring, the bronze is 2100 degrees Fahrenheit. STEP 8 Break-Out: After the casting has cooled several hours, the shell is carefully broken away leaving the unfinished bronze. STEP 9 Sandblasting: Any fragments of the ceramic shell are removed by sandblasting. The sculpture is also carefully inspected at this point. STEP 10 Assembly: At this time all the pieces of the sculpture are welded together by our skilled craftsman. STEP 11 Chasing: All the weld marks are chased and re-detailed. STEP 12 Glass Beading: This is similar to sandblasting. The glass is extremely fine to ensure an even bronze finish. STEP 13 Polish: The raw bronze sculpture is now hand polished in preparation for the patina. This BRONCO BUSTER Bronze went through this very same process. You are bidding on a reproduction of a "THE "BRONCO BUSTER" By Frederic Remington SOLID Bronze Sculpture. "THE "BRONCO BUSTER" SCULPTURE IS CRAFTED OF SOLID HOT-CAST BRONZE. THIS SCULPTURE IS IN MINT CONDITION. THE SCULPTURE MEASUREMENTS INCLUD...
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