Space Shuttle STS 8 Crew signed envelope

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  • Item Category: Books, Paper & Magazines
  • Source: eBay
  • Sold Date: Mar 20, 2014
  • Channel: Auction House
Space Shuttle STS 8 Crew signed envelope

STS-8 was the eighth NASA Space Shuttle mission and the third flight of the Space Shuttle Challenger . It launched on 30 August 1983 and landed on 5 September, conducting the first night launch and night landing of the Space Shuttle program. It also carried the first African-American astronaut, Guion Bluford . The mission successfully achieved all of its planned research objectives, but was marred by the subsequent discovery that a solid-fuel rocket booster had almost malfunctioned catastrophically during the launch.

The mission's primary payload was INSAT-1B , an Indian communications and weather observation satellite, which was released by the orbiter and boosted into a geostationary orbit . The secondary payload, replacing a delayed NASA communications satellite, was a four-metric-ton dummy payload, intended to test the use of the shuttle's "Canadarm" remote manipulator system . Scientific experiments carried onboard Challenger included the environmental testing of new hardware and materials designed for future spacecraft, the study of biological materials in electric fields under microgravity , and research into space adaptation syndrome (also known as "space sickness"). The flight furthermore served as shakedown testing for the previously launched TDRS-1 satellite, which would
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