TCHOKWE" PEOPLE - ANGOLA
During the 15th century, a Luanda queen married a Luba prince called Tshibinda Ilunga. A significant number of the Luanda aristocracy so disapproved of the marriage that they migrated south to present-day Angola. Once settled, they founded several kingdoms, each headed by a god-king. These tribes are now known as the TCHOKWE, the Luena, the Songo, the Imbagala and the Ovimbudu. Around 1860, following a major famine, the TCHOKWE people migrated back towards the south and settled in Angola, at the source of the Kwango, Kasai and Lungwe rivers.
The TCHOKWE are governed by a king called Mwana Ngana, who distributes hunting grounds and cultivated areas; while the male Mugonge and female Ukule societies regulate their social life.
The vast mojority of TCHOWKE objects are decorated with figures and geometric motifs. Since the TCHOWKE tribespeople were in contact with European tradesmen from the 18th century onwards, some of their figures bear a European influence.
The Kalelwa and Cikunza type of masks are wood masks with vegetal-fibres and highly elaborate coiffures and are used during circumcision ceremonies.
Measurements: 18 in. high x 11 in. wide
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