The Patriarchal cross is a variant of the Christian cross , the universal religious symbol of Christianity . Similar to the familiar Latin cross , the Patriarchal cross possesses a smaller crossbar placed above the main one, so that both crossbars are near the top. Sometimes the patriarchal cross has a short, slanted crosspiece near its foot. This slanted, lower crosspiece often appears in Byzantine Greek and Eastern European iconography , as well as Eastern Orthodox churches .The symbol, often referred to as the patriarchal cross, appeared in the Byzantine Empire in large numbers in the 9th century. In the Byzantine Empire of the 9th century, the double cross was not a religious, but a political symbol used by Byzantine clerks and missionaries. PLEASE BE SURE YOU READ AND UNDERSTAND WHAT YOU ARE BUYING AND BIDDING ON AND THE SHIPPING COSTS AS WELL. ALSO PLEASE BE SURE TO SEE MY OTHER LISTINGS,,THANK YOU..
These 2 russian crosses are stamped 14k gold,and are coming to you out of a jewerly store estate.They are new and have never been worn and are aprox 30yrs old.They measure 1 an 3/8 inches long,and have chain-loops on them already.