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Today, the currency of the United States , the U.S. dollar , is printed in bills in denominations of $1 , $2 , $5 , $10 , $20 , $50 , and $100 .

At one time, however, it also included five larger denominations. High-denomination currency was prevalent from the very beginning of U.S. Government issue (1861). $500, $1,000, and $5,000 interest bearing notes were issued in 1861, and $10,000 gold certificates arrived in 1865. There are many different designs and types of high-denomination notes.

The high-denomination bills were issued in a small size in 1929, along with the $1 through $100 denominations. The designs were as follows:

The $500 bill featured a portrait of William McKinley The $1,000 bill featured a portrait of Grover Cleveland The $5,000 bill featured a portrait of James Madison The $10,000 bill featured a portrait of Salmon P. Chase The $100,000 bill featured a portrait of Woodrow Wilson

The reverse designs featured abstract scrollwork with ornate denomination identifiers. All were printed in green, except for

Although they are still technically legal tender in the United States, high-denomination bills were last printed in 1945 and officially discontinued on July 14 , 1969 , by the Federal Reserve System .[ 1] The $5,000 and $10,000 effectively disappeared well before then: there are only about 200 $5,000 and 300 $10,000 bills known, of all series since 1861. Of the $10,000 bills, 100 were preserved for many years by Benny Binion , the owner of Binion's Horseshoe casino in Las Vegas, Nevada , where they were displayed encased in acrylic. The display has since been dismantled and the bills were sold to private collectors.

Circulation of high-denomination bills was halted in 1969 by executive order of President Richard Nixon , in an effort to combat organized crime .

For the most part, these bills were used by banks and the Federal Government for large financial transactions. This was especially true for gold certificates from 1865 to 1934. However, the introduction of the electronic money system has made large-scale cash transactions obsolete; when combined with concerns about counterfeiting and the use of cash in unlawful activities such as the illegal drug trade , it is unlikely that the U.S. government will re-issue large denomination currency in the near future. According to the US Department of Treasury website, "The present denominations of our currency in production are $1, $2, $5, $10, $20, $50 and $100....Neither the Department of the Treasury nor the Federal Reserve System has any plans to change the denominations in use today."

Federal Reserve Notes are fiat currency , with the words "this note is legal tender for all debts, public and private" printed on each bill. (See generally 31 U.S.C. § 5103 .) They are issued by the Federal Reserve Banks and have replaced United States Notes , which were once issued by the Treasury Department .

The paper that Federal Reserve Notes are printed on is made by the Crane Paper Company of Dalton, Massachusetts .

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