1769 JOHN BASKERVILLE Holy Bible FOLIO English FINE BINDING Typography ANTIQUE

[FOLIO BASKERVILLE BIBLE]:The Holy Bible, Containing the Old Testament and the New; with the Apocrypha: Translated out of the Original Tongues, with Annotations. Birmingham: Printed by John Baskerville, 1769-1771.
Always regarded as Baskerville's magnum opus, and his most magnificent as well as his most characteristic specimen, this is the 1769 edition of Baskerville's Folio Bible. The second edition of Baskerville's masterpiece, following the 1763 first edition. Issued in parts, this copy retains the first-state title page, dated 1769. The New Testament is dated 1771. Bound in a newer black leather binding, with gilt ruled raised bands and titling to the spine, as shown, with minor wear, nicely kept . While there is a few small stains and minor toning to the pages, they are generally quite clean and fresh. All pages bound and present,without plates lest for frontis, a variant, as issued. A massive Bible, measures roughly 17" x 11" x 4".
John Baskerville From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John Baskerville
Baskerville in later life, oil on canvas by James Millar. Born 28 January 1706
Wolverley , England Died 8 January 1775 (age 69)
Birmingham, England, at his home Easy Hill Monuments Industry and Genius Occupation Manufacturer, printer and type designer

John Baskerville (28 January 1706 - 8 January 17

Life

Baskerville was born in the village of Wolverley , near Kidderminster in Worcestershire and was a printer in Birmingham , England. He was a member of the Royal Society of Arts , and an associate of some of the members of the Lunar Society . He directed his punchcutter , John Handy, in the design of many typefaces of broadly similar appearance. In 1757, Baskerville published a remarkable quarto edition of Virgil on wove paper, using his own type. It took three years to complete, but it made such an impact that he was appointed printer to the University of Cambridge the following year. [ 1 ]

A modern sample of the Baskerville typeface

John Baskerville printed works for the University of Cambridge in 1758 and, although an atheist, printed a splendid folio Bible in 1763. His typefaces were greatly admired by Benjamin Franklin , a printer and fellow member of the Royal Society of Arts , who took the designs back to the newly created United States, where they were adopted for most federal government publishing. Baskerville's work was criticized by jealous competitors and soon fell out of favour, but since the 1920s many new fonts have been released by Linotype , Monotype , and other type foundries - revivals of his work and mostly called ' Baskerville '. Emigre released a popular revival of this typeface in 1996 called Mrs Eaves , named for Baskerville's wife, Sarah Eaves. Baskerville's most notable typeface Baskerville represents the peak of transitional type face and bridges the gap between Old Style and Modern type design. [ 2 ]

Baskerville also was responsible for significant innovations in printing, paper and ink production. He developed a technique which produced a smoother whiter paper which showcased his strong black type. Baskerville also pioneered a completely new style of typography adding wide margins and leading between each line. [ 3 ]

Baskerville, an atheist, was buried at his own request, in unconsecrated ground in the garden of his house, Easy Hill . When a canal was built through the land his body was placed in storage in a warehouse for several years before being secretly deposited in the crypt of Christ Church (demolished 1899), Birmingham. Later his remains were moved, with other bodies from the crypt, to consecrated catacombs at Warstone Lane Cemetery . Baskerville House was built on the grounds of Easy Hill .

Commemoration Industry and Genius , 1990, by David Patten, sculpture in Centenary Square

A Portland stone sculpture of the Baskerville typeface, Industry and Genius , in his honour stands in front of Baskerville House in Centenary Square , Birmingham. It is by local artist David Patten. [ 4 ]

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle , who once lived in Birmingham, may have borrowed Baskerville's surname for one of his Sherlock Holmes stories, The Hound of the Baskervilles - which, in turn, was borrowed by Umberto Eco for the character William of Baskerville in his best-selling novel, The Name of the Rose ( Sean Connery played the character in the film based on the book). [ original research? ]

Gallery

Some examples of volumes published by Baskerville.

Title page of the 1757 quarto edition of the works of Virgil

John Milton 's Paradise Lost (1758)

Volume One of The works of Joseph Addison (1761)

Title page of Baskerville's 1763 Bible

The 1766 translation of Virgil into English, by Robert Andrews

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