1789 Free Frank Cover Paymaster General to Oliver Wolcott Jr. Comptroller

Free Frank postal cover from Joseph Howell Junior to Oliver Wolcott Junior, Comptroller's Office. Dated January 18, 1789. � Docketed by Wolcott on the back. Red wax seal. Numerous small fold splits and minor losses. When unfolded measures 11 1/2" x 7 1/2". Scarce. Brief biographies are as follows.

Joseph Howell Jr. (1750-1798) entered the American army soon after the commencement of the Revolution, recruited, at his own expense, a company of infantry, of which he was commissioned captain, March 15, 1776. His company was made a part of Colonel Samuel Atlee’s Battalions of General Anthony Wayne’s brigade. He participated in the Battle of Long Island, August 27, 1776, in which he was wounded, taken prisoner, and incarcerated in the celebrated prison ship, Jersey, where so many brave soldiers met a lingering death. After his release, he having been exchanged, December 9, 1776, for Captain Livingston, of the British army, he was appointed paymaster of the 2nd Pennsylvania line, commanded by Colonel Walter Stewart, but his health having been so impaired by the hardships he had undergone as to prevent further active service in the field, he resigned this post, October 1, 1778, and accepted the position of auditor of accounts of the War Department, which position he held until the adoption of the Federal Constitution, when he was appointed

Oliver Wolcott, Jr. (January 11, 1760 – June 1, 1833) was United States Secretary of the Treasury from 1795 to 1800 and the 24th Governor of Connecticut from 1817 to 1827. He was a clerk in Connecticut's Office of the Committee on the Pay Table from 1781 to 1782, and a commissioner on that committee from 1782-1784. Wolcott was appointed in 1784 as one of the commissioners to mediate claims between the U.S. and the state of Connecticut. After serving as state comptroller of Connecticut from 1788–90, he was named auditor of the federal treasury, and became Comptroller of the Treasury in 1791. He was appointed Secretary of the Treasury by George Washington in 1795 to succeed Alexander Hamilton. In 1799, as Secretary of the Treasury, he designed the United States Customs Service flag. He resigned in 1800 due to unpopularity, and a particularly vitriolic campaign against him in the press in which, among other things, he was falsely accused of setting fire to the State Department building. He was appointed as a committee member pertaining to the construction of the monument at Groton Heights, commemorating the battle fought there on September 6, 1781. Wolcott was one of President John Adams' so-called "midnight judges", appointed to a new seat as a federal judge on the United States circuit court for the Second Circuit, created by 2 Stat. 89, almost on the eve of Jefferson's inauguration in 1801. Nominated by Adams on February 18, 1801, Wolcott was confirmed by the United States Senate on February 20, 1801, and received his commission the same day. Wolcott's service was terminated on July 1, 1802, due to abolition of the court. From 1803 to 1815 he operated in private business in New York City, afterwards retiring to Litchfield and farming. Wolcott lost a campaign for Governor of Connecticut in 1816, running as a "Toleration Republican", against the Federalist Party to which he had once belonged. He ran again in 1817 and won, following in the footsteps of his father and grandfather as Governor, and serving ten years in the post. His tenure was noted for the economic growth and moderate policies that attended it. Additionally, he presided over a convention that created a new state constitution in...

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