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SEE PHOTO----- COMPLETE ORIGINAL 4 page newspaper, the Rhode Island Republican (Newport, RI) dated Nov 11, 1835. Inside page, prominent headline with news report of the BEGINNING OF THE TEXAS REVOLUTION, the Battle of Gonzales, TEXAS.

The Battle of Gonzales was a skirmish that took place on October 2 , 1835 , in the Mexican Texas town of Gonzales between the Texan settlers and a detachment of the Mexican army. Although it was minor as a military engagement, it marked a clear break between the American colonists and the Mexican government, and is considered to have been the start of the Texas Revolution .

The battle was the result of the attempts of the Mexican government to retrieve a small smoothbore cannon that had been given in 1831 to the settlers at Gonzales as a defense against attacks by Tonkawa Indians . After the initial refusal by the Texans to surrender the cannon, Colonel Domingo de Ugartechea , military commander in Texas, sent a force of 100 dragoons under Francisco de Castañeda to Gonzales to retrieve it. The detachment left San Antonio de Bexar on September 27 , 1835 , carrying a dispatch for Gonzales alcalde
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