1846 Six Antique Prints - London - Oxford Street, Customs House, Thames Tunnel

Six charming engravings of London sights in Victorian times which were illustrations to "Dugdale's England & Wales Delineated" published in London, c1846 - see below

The images are entitled :

"Regent Circus, Oxford Street"

"The Custom House"

"West Side of Temple Bar"

"London and Birmingham Railway Terminus"

"Corn Exchange, Mark Lane"

"Thames Tunnel" - see below

Good condition with some minor marks to the borders including inked numbers above the images - see scans. One ragged edge where removed from the publication. Page size 8 x 5.5 inches

These are genuine antique prints and not later reproductions. See more of these in Sellers Other Items which can be combined for mailing at no extra cost

Thames Tunnel From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia "Thames foot tunnel" redirects here. For other tunnels, see Tunnels underneath the River Thames . Interior of the Thames Tunnel, mid-19th century

The Thames Tunnel is an underwater tunnel, built beneath the River Thames in London, connecting Rotherhithe and Wapping . It measures 35 feet (11 m) wide by 20 feet (6 m) high and is 1,300 feet (396 m) long, running at a depth of 75 feet (23 m) below the river surface measured at high tide. It was the first tunnel known to have been constructed successfully underneath a navigable

The tunnel was originally designed for, but never used by, horse-drawn carriages. It now forms part of the London Overground railway network under ownership of Transport for London .

Contents [ hide ] 1 History and development 1.1 Construction 1.1.1 1828 1.1.2 Re-opening 1.2 Pedestrian usage 1.3 Use as a railway tunnel 1.4 Influence 2 Visiting 2.1 Entrance shaft 3 References 4 External links

History and development [ edit ] Construction [ edit ] Inside the Thames Tunnel during construction, 1830

At the start of the 19th century, there was a pressing need for a new land connection between the north and south banks of the Thames to link the expanding docks on each side of the river. The engineer Ralph Dodd tried, but failed, to build a tunnel between Gravesend and Tilbury in 1799. [2]

In 1805-09 a group of Cornish miners, including Richard Trevithick , tried to dig a tunnel farther upriver between Rotherhithe and Wapping / Limehouse but failed because of the difficult conditions of the ground. The Cornish miners were used to hard rock and did not modify their methods for soft clay and quicksand . This Thames Archway project was abandoned after the initial pilot tunnel (a 'driftway') flooded twice when 1,000 feet (305 m) of a total of 1,200 feet (366 m) had been dug. [3] It only measured 2-3 feet by 5 feet (61-91 cm by 1.5 m), and was intended as the drain for a larger tunnel for passenger use. [4] The failure of the Thames Archway project led engineers to conclude that "an underground tunnel is impracticable". [5]

However, the Anglo-French engineer Marc Brunel refused to accept this conclusion. In 1814 he proposed to Emperor Alexander I of Russia a plan to build a tunnel under the river Neva in St Petersburg . This scheme was turned down (a bridge was built instead) but Brunel continued to develop ideas for new methods of tunnelling. [2]

Brunel and Cochrane patented the tunnelling shield , a revolutionary advance in tunnelling technology, in January 1818. In 1823 Brunel produced a plan for a tunnel between Rotherhithe and Wapping, which would be dug using his new shield. Financing was soon found from private investors, including the Duke of Wellington , and a Thames Tunnel Company was formed in 1824, the project beginning in February 1825. [3]

The first step was the construction of a large shaft on the south bank at Rotherhithe, 150 feet (46 m) back from the river bank. It was dug by assembling an iron ring 50 feet (15 m) in diameter above ground. A brick wall 40 feet (12 m)...
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