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Romeyn B. Ayres From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Romeyn B. Ayres Romeyn B. Ayres Born December 20, 1825
East Creek , New York Died December 4, 1888 (aged 62)
Fort Hamilton , New York Place of burial Arlington National Cemetery Allegiance United States of America
Union Service/branch United States Army
Union Army Years of service 1847-1888 Rank Brigadier General
Brevet Major General Commands held 3rd U.S. Artillery
2nd U.S. Artillery Battles/wars

American Civil War

Battle of Gettysburg New York Draft Riots Battle of Globe Tavern Battle of Five Forks

Romeyn Beck Ayres (December 20, 1825 - December 4, 1888) was a Union Army general in the American Civil War .

Contents [ hide ] 1 Early life 2 Civil War 3 Postbellum 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Early life [ edit ]

Ayres was born at East Creek, New York , along the Mohawk River in Montgomery County . He was the son of a small-town doctor who urged all of his sons into professional careers. He graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1847 and was commissioned a brevet second lieutenant in the 4th U.S. Artillery. Although graduating

Between the wars, Ayres was stationed at various posts on the frontier and served at the Fort Monroe Artillery School from 1859 to 1861. In 1849 he married Emily Louis Gerry Dearborn in Bangor, Maine . His second wife was Juliet Opie Hopkins Butcher, the daughter of Juliet Opie Hopkins , a woman who later became prominent establishing hospitals for Confederate soldiers in Richmond, Virginia .

Civil War [ edit ]

After the start of the Civil War, Ayres was promoted to captain and commanded a battery in the 5th U.S. Artillery, which he led in the First Bull Run Campaign , and was heavily involved in the Battle of Blackburn's Ford , immediately before the larger First Battle of Bull Run . At First Bull Run, his battery, attached to the brigade of William T. Sherman , was held in reserve and he did not see action during the battle proper, but distinguished himself by providing cover for retreating Union Army troops pursued by Confederate cavalry.

On October 3, 1861, Ayres was appointed chief of artillery for William F. "Baldy" Smith's division (later designated the 2nd Division of the VI Corps ) of the Army of the Potomac . He served in that position in the Peninsula Campaign , the Seven Days Battles , and at the Battle of Antietam . Just before the Battle of Fredericksburg , he was promoted to chief of artillery of the VI Corps as a brigadier general , as of November 29, 1862. At Fredericksburg he commanded the corps artillery stationed across the Rappahannock River on Falmouth Heights.

While recuperating from an injury caused when his horse fell, Ayres considered his military career and realized that artillery officers had a much slower rate of promotion than their colleagues in the infantry . Thus, he arranged for a transfer and became a brigade commander in the 2nd Division of the V Corps as of April 21, 1863. This division was known as the Regular Division because it consisted almost entirely of regular army (versus state volunteers) soldiers and he led its 1st Brigade in the Battle of Chancellorsville . On the first day of the battle (May 1, 1863) his brigade formed the left flank of Sykes' division when it engaged Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws ' division on the Orange Turnpike. Sykes' division was forced to retreat after being attacked on the right flank by Maj. Gen. Robert E. Rodes ' division.

In the Gettysburg Campaign , as part of a general shuffling of senior officers when Maj. Gen. George G. Meade was promoted from commander of the V Corps to be commander of the Army of the Potomac and Maj. Gen. George Sykes took command of...
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