CELTIC Silver Drachm Coin VOLCAE Tectosages Cubist Head

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ANCIENT Celtic Silver Drachm



Celtic Gaul

Late 2nd Century BC.

AR (Silver) Drachm. 2.08g 13mm.

Obverse: Celticized "Cubist head" Male Head to the left, dolphin before.

Reverse: Cross creating four quadrants with an ax and raised ellipse .

Ref. BMC Celtic 60. Castelin 71.

VF typical off-center strike.

History: Volques Tectosages (the people seeking a roof) is one of three main components of the Galatians that ravaged Greece and Asia Minor between 281 and 277 BC The legend says that Volques Tectosages who migrated Languedoc to have participated in the sacking of Delphi and are acquiring a treasure of the temple of Apollo at Delphi (the origin of the gold Tectosages "aurum Tolosanum") and have it transported to Tolosates ( Vieille-Toulouse), their capital. In fact, Volques Tectosages would have emigrated from Bohemia and in the third century AD.

They nevertheless participated in the expeditions that led Danubian Celts on the shores of the Aegean, the Bosphorus and the Black Sea. Mercenaries, they served the Carthaginians during the Punic wars and was perhaps the cause of the revolt of the mercenaries who almost win the Phoenician colony. Danube, they passed into Cisalpine Gaul

Volques Tectosages were certainly the most powerful people of Aquitaine. Quintus Servilius Caepio Volques coalition that crushed in 105 BC would have seized the "gold of Toulouse", the result of looting of the temple of Apollo at Delphi that would Tectosages repatriated with them before installing Tolosa. For having taken possession of this treasure, he would then known qu'infortune! Source: Cicero (Pro Fonteio 12), Cesar (BG. VI, 24), Strabo (G. IV, 1 and 13), Pliny (HN. III, 33), Ptolemy (G. II, 10), Kruta (71 -72, 250-251, 253, 262, 265, 268, 275, 302-304, 306-307, 309-310, 323, 338, 343, 349, 376, 763, 865).


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