FIRST JEWISH REVOLT 66-70 CE AE 16 JUDEAN BIBLICAL YEAR TWO JERUSALEM ISRAEL

FIRST JEWISH REVOLT AGAINST THE ROMANS 66-70 CE
MASADA REVOLT
BRONZE COIN
Struck in the year 67 / 68 AD.
Amphora with two handles
Vine leaf.
HEBREW INSCRIPTIONS
Hendin-1360
DIAMETER: AE 16
WEIGHT: 2.5gr
FOUND IN ISRAEL
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The First Jewish–Roman War (66–73 CE), sometimes called The Great Revolt ( Hebrew : המרד הגדול , ha-Mered Ha-Gadol , Latin : Primum Iudæorum Romani Bellum .), was the first of three major rebellions by the Jews of Judaea Province (Iudaea), against the Roman Empire . The second was the Kitos War in 115–117 CE; the third was Bar Kokhba's revolt of 132–135 CE).

The Great Revolt began in the year 66 CE, originated in the Greek and Jewish religious tensions, later escalated due to anti-taxation protests and attacks upon Roman citizens. The Roman military garrison of Judaea was quickly overrun by rebels and the pro-Roman king Agrippa II fled Jerusalem , together with Roman officials to Galilee . Cestius Gallus , the legate of Syria , brought the Syrian army, based on XII Fulminata , reinforced by auxiliary troops, to restore order and quell the revolt. The legion, however, was ambushed and defeated by Jewish rebels at the Battle of Beth Horon , a result that shocked the Roman leadership.

The experienced
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