(1822-89) graduated in the celebrated West Point class of 1846. During the Mexican War he served as a lieutenant of dragoons and was captured and held prisoner for eight days while making a reconnaissance near Buena Vista. After the Mexican War he took part in a number of Indian campaigns out west. At the start of the Civil War he was in command at Fort Smith, Arkansas. Many of his officers defected to the Confederacy; however Sturgis refused to surrender and managed to march his troops with much of the government property to Fort Leavenworth. Taking part in the battle of Wilson's Creek, Mo., in August 1861; he succeeded to command of the Union forces after the death of General Nathaniel Lyon. Sturgis was promoted to brigadier general to rank from Aug. 10, 1861. Sent east, he was ordered to support General John Pope's Army of Virginia at the 2nd battle of Bull Run, and during the campaign he made the now famous quote, "I don't care for John Pope one pinch of owl dung!" He fought in the Antietam campaign where one of the brigades in his division carried Burnside's Bridge. During the battle of Fredericksburg, he commanded a division of the 9th Corps. In 1863, he went west with the 9th corps serving in Tennessee and Mississippi, and then served as chief of cavalry of the Department of the Ohio. In June 1864, he was routed by General ... read more