HAWAII #80-82 Complete - stamps of HAWAIIAN REPUBLIC

MINT HINGED - Complete Set

Historic issue1899 (All stamps are REAL and GUARANTEED as such) issues of the REPUBLIC OF HAWAII (After the Bayonettee Rebelion)

Upon ascending the throne, Kalakaua named his brother, William Pitt Leleiohoku, as his heir, putting an end to the era of elected kings in Hawaii.

In October 1874, Kalakaua sent representatives to the United States to negotiate a reciprocity treaty to help end a depression that was ongoing in Hawaii. In November, Kalakaua himself traveled to Washington DC to meet Ulysses S. Grant. An agreement was reached and the treaty was signed on January 30, 1875. The treaty allowed certain Hawaiian goods, mainly sugar and rice, to be admitted into the United States tax-free.

During the early part of Kalakaua's reign, the king made full use of his power to appoint and dismiss cabinets. King Kalakaua believed in the hereditary right of the alii to rule. Kalakaua continually dismissed cabinets and appointed new ones. This drew criticism from people of the "Missionary Party" who wanted to reform Hawaiian government based on the model of the United Kingdom's constitutional monarchy where the monarch had very little real power over the government but had a position of great dignity and was the head of state. The party believed the legislature should control the

Kalakaua also built Iolani Palace, the only royal palace that exists on American soil today, at a cost of $300,000—an unheard of sum at the time. Many of the furnishings in the palace were ordered by Kalakaua while he was in Europe. King Kalakaua is said to have wanted to build a Polynesian Empire. In 1886, legislature granted the government $30,000 for the formation of a Polynesian confederation. The King sent representatives to Samoa, where Malietoa Laupepa agreed to a confederation between the two kingdoms. This confederation did not last very long, however, since King Kalakaua lost power the next year to the Bayonet Constitution, and thus a reformist party came into power that ended the alliance. By 1887, the Missionary party had grown very frustrated with Kalakaua. They blamed him for the Kingdom's growing debt and accused him of being a spendthrift. Some foreigners wanted to force King Kalakaua to abdicate and put his sister Liliuokalani onto the throne, while others wanted to end the monarchy altogether and annex the islands to the United States. The people who favored annexation formed a group called the Hawaiian League. In 1887, members of the League armed with guns assembled together. The King was frightened by this show of force and offered to transfer his powers to the foreign ministers representing the United States, the United Kingdom, or Portugal. The members of the league instead asked him to sign a new constitution. This new constitution, nicknamed the Bayonet Constitution of 1887, removed much of the King's executive power and deprived ...

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