MARSHALL HOUSE TOKEN âe" THE FIRST CONFEDERATE CENT

A very nice specimen of the 1859 Marshall House store card, made by Robert Lovett, Jr. of Philadelphia. Lovett, not coincidentally, also designed the Confederate cent. This token was, almost certainly, the prototype for the Confederate cent and was referred to as âeoethe 1859 Confederate centâe by Herb Romerstein.The Marshall House, which stood at the corner of King and Pitt streets in Alexandria, Virginia was owned by James W. Jackson, an ardent secessionist. On May 24, 1861, Colonel Ephraim Elmer Ellsworth of the 11th New York Fire Zouaves went to the Marshall House to remove a Confederate flag that was flying over the building. Ellsworth climbed to the top floor of the building and cut down the flag. As he was descending the stairs to the ground floor, he held up the flag and said, âeoeBehold my trophy.âe Jackson stepped through a nearby doorway with a double-barreled shotgun and said, âeoeand behold mine.âe He fired his shotgun just as Sergeant Francis Brownell knocked the barrel aside with his musket and shot Jackson, then bayoneted him. Jacksonâe(tm)s shot struck Ellsworth in the chest, killing him. This action earned Brownell the Medal of Honor and made Jackson an early hero of the Confederacy. These tokens circulated as specie in Richmond early in the war, before specie disappeared and, again when specie re-emerged in ... read more