ROMAN EMPEROR GORDIAN III___Silver Antoninianus___TEEN EMPEROR___Laetitia

12N22

FRASCATIUS ANCIENTS

A BEAUTIFUL SILVER ANTONINIANUS OF GORDIAN III FROM 238 - 244 AD.

NICE SILVER & SHARP FEATURES ON THIS COIN

GORDIAN WAS MADE EMPEROR AT AGE 13, AND DIED IN BATTLE AT AGE 19.

Not only was he from a well-known family (Gordian) and hence to the ordinary Roman people's liking, but so too was his family very rich. Rich enough to finance a bonus payment to the people.

Size is 23.3 mm and 4.48 grams.

Sear 8617

OBVERSE - IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right

REVERSE - LAETITIA AVG N, Laetitia standing right with wreath & anchor

EMPEROR

Marcus Antonius Gordianus (January 20 225 - February 11, 244), known in English as Gordian III, was Roman Emperor from 238 to 244. Marcus Antonius Gordianus' mother was the daughter of Gordian I and the sister of Gordian II. This made him the grandson and nephew of the two Gordian emperors. His younger sister was called Gordiana. Gordian had assumed the name of his maternal grandfather in 238.

It was the public hostility towards the successors of the Gordian emperors which brought the thirteen year old boy to the attention of the Roman senate. Not only was he a Gordian and hence to the ordinary Roman people's liking, but so too was his family very rich. Rich enough to finance

In 241 Gordian married Furia Sabinia Tranquillina, the daughter of Timesitheus. Gordian joined Timesitheus who was campaigning against the Persians. When Timesitheus died of an illness, he was replaced by Philip the Arab who was to become emperor when Gordian III died in 244. How Gordian died is not known, although Philip blamed it on an illness and it is thought that Philip engineered a mutiny. Gordian III was deified after his death. Gordian ruled from 238-244.

IMPERIAL ROME

Imperial Rome was the post-Republican period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by an autocratic form of government and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean in Europe, Africa, and Asia. The 500-year-old Roman Republic, which preceded it, had been destabilized through a series of civil wars. Several events marked the transition from Republic to Empire, including Julius Caesar's appointment as perpetual dictator (44 BC); the Battle of Actium; and the granting of the honorific Augustus to Octavian by the Roman Senate .

The first two centuries of the Empire were a period of unprecedented stability and prosperity known as the Pax Romana ("Roman Peace"). It reached its greatest expanse during the reign of Trajan. In the 3rd century, the Empire underwent a crisis that threatened its existence, but was reunified and stabilized under the emperors Aurelian and Diocletian. Christians rose to power in the 4th century, during which time a system of dual rule was developed in the Latin West and Greek East. After the collapse of central government in the West in the 5th century, the eastern half continued as what would later be known as the Byzantine Empire.

Because of the Empire's vast extent and long endurance, the institutions and culture of Rome had a profound and lasting influence on the development of language, religion, architecture, philosophy, law, and forms of government in the territory it governed, particularly Europe, and by means of European expansionism throughout the modern world.

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