Vintage WWII U.S. Army TUSKEGEE AIRMAN Hat Cap

Vintage Original WWII U.S. Army TUSKEGEE AIRMAN Hat Cap. Has some wear but in overall good condition....... The Tuskegee Airmen was the popular name of a group of African American pilots who flew with distinction during World War II as the 332d Fighter Group of the U.S. Army Air Corps. Prior to the Tuskegee Airmen no U.S. military pilots had been African American. However a series of legislative moves by the United States Congress in 1941 forced the Air Corps to form an all-black combat unit, much to the War Department's chagrin[citation needed]. In response they set up a system to accept only those with a level of flight experience or higher education that they expected to be hard to fill, a half-hearted effort to eliminate the unit before it could begin. This policy backfired when the Air Corps received numerous applications from men who qualified even under these restrictions. The U.S. Army Air Corps had established the Psychological Research Unit 1 at Maxwell Army Air Field, Alabama, and other units around the country for Aviation Cadet Training, which included the identification, selection, education, and training of pilots, navigators, and bombardiers. Psychologists were employed in these studies and training programs using some of the first standardized tests to quantify IQ, dexterity, and leadership qualities in order to ... read more