1879 Large Color Map Hungary Austria Galicia Croatia

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  • Item Category: Books, Paper & Magazines
  • Source: eBay
  • Sold Date: May 06,2007
  • Channel: Online Auction

vortecpan
Old Maps, Woodcut Leaves, Antique Prints, Incunabula 1879 Large Color Map Hungary Austria Galicia Croatia
1879 Large Color Map of of the Austro-Hungarian Empire
"AUTRICHE-HONGRIE"
Atlas Élémentaire Simplifié de Géographie Ancienne et Moderne, Par E. Soulier (De Sauve), Professeur et J. Andriveau-Goujon. Paris.
Shows Provinces, Railroads, Military Frontier
Austria, Hungary, Bohemia, Moravia, Austrian Silesia, Galicia, Bukowina, Transylvania, Banat, Vojvodina, Croatia, Illyria, Sclavonia, Dalmatia, Bosnia, and Trent-Bolzano

This map comes from the 'Atlas Élémentaire Simplifié de Géographie Ancienne et Moderne', by E. Soulier and J. Andriveau-Goujon, published 1879 in Paris by J. Andriveau-Goujon, Rue du Bac, No. 4. Engraved by Soulier. Printed by Monrocq. Plate No. 16. Andriveau-Goujon was one of the leading cartographic firms in 19th century France. Reference: Phillips/Le Gear 324.

This superb authentic double-page folio map of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (Austria, Hungary, North Italy, Southern Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia, Western Romania, Western Ukraine, Bosnia). shows provinces, towns, railroads, canals, rivers, and mountans. Bratislava is called Presbourg, Gjör - Raab, Kosice - Kaschau, Uzhhorod - Unghvar, Lwów - Lemberg, Zagreb - Agram, Zadar - Zara, Karlovac - Carlstadt, Split - Spalatro, Ljubljana - Laybach, Sibiu - Hermannstadt, Brasov - Kronstadt, Cluj-Napoca - Klausenbourg, Dumbraveni - Elisabethstadt (Eppeschdorf), Targu-Mures - Neumarkt (Marosvasarhely), Oradea - Gross Wardein, Dubrovnik - Raguse, Kotor - Cattaro, etc. Various nationalities are marked in Transylvania: the Saxons, the Hungarians, and the Szeklers. The Ottomans were forced to cede administration of Bosnia to Austria-Hungary through the treaty of Berlin in 1878. Montenegro is also called "Zernagora" (Crna Gora). The map is a magnificent document and a treat for history buffs. See pictures for more details; larger version.
After the Battle of Mohacs in 1526, the Austrian Habsburg Empire found itself having a common border with the Turkish Ottoman Empire. In order to stem the Turkish tide, the Habsburg court created in 1528 a zone in Croatia ruled directly from Vienna (instead of through the Hungarian nobility), in which land ownership was dependent on providing military service. These frontier troops were predominantly Serb, Croat and German. This zone was called the Militär Grenze (Military Frontier, Vojna krajina). A period of reconquest and Habsburg expansion followed the failed Siege of Vienna in 1683. By the early 19th century, the boundary between Habsburg and Ottoman lands had settled more or less on the line of the Una, Sava and Danube Rivers. Most of this land had been historically Hungary, but again the Austrian court expanded its system of military frontier zones to include parts of Slavonia, Vojvodina or Banat, and Transylvania. The frontier zones in Transylvania reverted to Hungarian civilian rule in 1851, but those in Croatia, Slavonia and Vojvodina/Banat remained in one form or another until 1881. The map marks the frontier zones ("Confins Militaires") in Croatia, Sclavonia, and Banat.
Galicia (Polish Galicja) is a historic region of eastern Europe. In 1323 a Polish prince, Boleslaw Jerzy of Mazovia, was elected by the boyars to rule Galicia. After his death (1340), the Polish king Casimir III the Great annexed Galicia to his lands (1349). Under Polish rule Galicia was settled by Polish gentry. When Poland was first partitioned in 1772, eastern Galicia, together with the territory to the west, between the San and the Vistula, was attached to Austria; and in 1795 further lands, both...

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