At a time when Europe was plunged into the Dark Ages and crusaders fought holy wars to gain Jerusalem for the Church, a Native American culture thrived in what is now called the Midwest and Southeast United States. These Native Americans are known today as the Mississippian Moundbuilders.The Mississippian Culture commenced around 900 AD and lasted until just after the coming of Hernando de Soto and his marauding Spanish fortune hunters in the mid-16th century. By reason of infectious Old World diseases brought on by the Spanish, population migration due to the depletion of natural resources, or for other unknown reasons, the Mississippian Moundbuilders vanished before Marquette and Joliet traveled through the old Mississippian lands in the late 17th century. The Moundbuilders were highly accomplished potters, flint knappers, and stoneworkers who also designed and created many status ornaments such as shell gorgets, ear ornaments, and beads. The Southeastern Mississippians lacked a tradition of producing painted or effigy pottery, but they did produce some of the finest and most delicate pottery vessels ever made. By definition, a prehistoric people, such as the Mississippian Moundbuilders, left behind no written record of their history. We do have their artifacts and great earthen mounds to help tell their stories and suggest their past. Reference: This is a genuine Southeastern Mississippian Indian bottle-pot (grayware) that was discovered in Mississippi County, Arkansas in 1860. The rounded, shouldered bottle-pot came from a private collection of a man in Texas. After recently passing away, his wife was forced to sell the collection due to financial difficulties. This artifact measures 8" in diameter, 9" tall, and has a neck diameter of 4 1/2". Extremely rare and definitively one-of-a-kind, this auction is a unique opportunity for all Native American Indian Collectors. References and pictures of this piece can be found in: North American Indian (A Collector's Identification and Price Guide) by Lar Hothem, Published by Krause, Page 182. If this item does not meet your expectations, return for a full refund, less shipping. Thank you and good luck.