About the Subject and/or Author
Headhunting is the traditional practice of taking a person's head after killing him or her. Headhunting was practiced in historic times in parts of China, India, Nigeria, Nuristan, Myanmar, Borneo, Indonesia, the Philippines, Taiwan, Japan, Micronesia, Melanesia, New Zealand, and the Amazon Basin, as well as among certain tribes of the Celts and Scythians of ancient Europe. In fact, it occurred in Europe until the early 20th century in the Balkan Peninsula and to the end of the Middle Ages in Ireland and the Scottish marches. As a practice, headhunting has been the subject of intense discussion within the anthropological community as to its possible social roles, functions, and motivations. Themes that arise in anthropological writings about headhunting include mortification of the rival, ritual violence, cosmological balance, the display of manhood, cannibalism, and prestige. Contemporary scholars generally agree that its primary function was ceremonial and that it was part of the process of structuring, reinforcing, and defending hierarchical relationships between communities and individuals. Some experts theorize that the practice stemmed from the belief that the head contained "soul matter" or life force, which could be harnessed through its capture. Around the 1930s, headhunting was suppressed among the Ilongot in the Philippines by the US authorities.
About the Magazine
ASIA Magazine with articles on travel and commentary on Asia, first published in 1917 was merged with Free World and Inter-American to form United Nations World in 1947. In 1917, an announcement appeared in the NY Times. "To stimulate trade with the Far east, including Australia, New Zealand and India which is now beginning to attract the attention of exporters and manufacturers as South America did at the beginning of the war (WW I), the American Asiatic Association of which Charles M. Schwab and Willard D. Straight are active members, has decided to issue as a trade developer a new Magazine to be called "Asia", the first edition of which will come out this week. Leaders in the manufacture of steel, clothing and other great staples, have been pointing for months to the opportunities in Asia now and after the war, and Secretary Redfield of the Department of Commerce has begun a vigorous campaign to turn the attention of the Americans toward the business opportunities in the Orient. In an announcement of the first issue of Asia it is said: 'The new magazine, which is illustrated, is to be run along much broader lines than a trade paper, the effort being chiefly one of conveying through the publication of a fundamental interpretation of the life of China, Japan and the other great Oriental countries, in terms of their industrial progress. It is believed that American opportunity can best be presented in this way. The growing complication of the political relations of the powers in the Far East, particularly those developing out of the problem of Japan and China with which this country must be concerned, has made it essential, in the opinion of leaders of American business, that the United States should more definitely realize its possibilities as an intermediary, as a friend both of China and Japan, in the interests of the settlement of dissensions and the maintenance of peace.' "
The above somewhat stilted announcement suggested the new magazine would be a sort of Far Eastern Fortune Magazine . In fact, it turned out to be a very interesting journal and soon attracted top writers and explorers to its pages such as, Pearl S. Buck, Lowell Thomas, Sven Hedin, R. M. Riefstahl, Merian C. Cooper, among many others.
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